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This article is part of the supplement: Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Meeting 2011

Open Access Oral presentation

Efficacy of epicutaneous immunotherapy (EPIT) in a new model of peanut-induced eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and allergic enterpathy (AE)

Lucie Mondulet1*, Vincent Dioszeghy1, Véronique Dhelft1, Mélanie Ligouis1, Emilie Puteaux1, Thibaut Larcher2, Yan Cherel2, Christophe Dupont3 and Pierre-Henri Benhamou1

  • * Corresponding author: Lucie Mondulet

Author Affiliations

1 DBV Technologies, Paris, France

2 APEX, INRA, Nantes, France

3 Hopital Saint Vincent de Paul, Paris, France

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Clinical and Translational Allergy 2011, 1(Suppl 1):O50  doi:10.1186/2045-7022-1-S1-O50


The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://www.ctajournal.com/content/1/S1/O50


Published:12 August 2011

© 2011 Mondulet et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Background

Eosinophilia is often linked to allergic gastrointestinal disorders linked to food allergy. EPIT using Viaskin® device has been described as a therapeutic method in food allergy. We developed a model of mice sensitized to peanut, exhibiting EoE and AE after exclusive feeding with peanut protein extracts (PPE). This study was conducted in order to evaluate the efficacy of EPIT.

Methods

After oral sensitization with PPE and cholera toxin, 30 BALB/c mice were treated weekly during 8 weeks by PPE skin applications (EPIT), 20 mice were not treated (Sham) and 10 mice constituted the control group (C). Mice were then exclusively fed with PPE. Specific IgE, IgG1 and IgG2a were monitored during immunotherapy. Esophageal and jejunal samples were taken for histological analyses.

Results

sIgE increased after oral sensitization, respectively 0.207±0.03 and 0.214±0.04 μg/ml, in EPIT and Sham, with undetectable values in C. Following EPIT, sIgE decreased and sIgG2a increased, respectively 0.139±0.01 vs 0.166±0.01 μg/ml (EPIT vs Sham, p<0.05) and 14.96±0.60 vs 4.73±1.75 μg/ml (p<0.05). Esophageal eosinophilic infiltration (measured in 6 high power fields) was higher in Sham, 136±32, than in EPIT, 50±12 (p<0.05) and C, 7±3 cells/mm2 (p<0.01). Esophagus mucosa thickness was increased in Sham compared to EPIT and C (p<0.001). Sham group exhibited higher mRNA levels of cytokines than EPIT: eotaxin (p<0.05), IL-5 (p<0.05), IL-13 (p<0.05). The mRNA levels of these cytokines in EPIT were similar to C. The expression of Foxp3 mRNA increased significantky after EPIT compared with Sham and C (p<0.05). The jejunal villus/crypt ratio was lower in Sham than in EPIT and C, respectively 1.6±0.1 vs 2.3±0.2 (p<0.01) and 2.4±0.1 (p<0.001). Eosinophilic infiltration in jejunum was increased in Sham compared to EPIT (p<0.01) and C (p<0.001).

Conclusion

EPIT is effective in preventing EoE and AE induced by oral challenge in mice sensitized to peanut.