Table 1

Potential manifestations of food allergy eligible for inclusion
Pathology Disorder
IgE-mediated (acute-onset) Acute urticaria/angioedema
Contact urticaria
Oral allergy syndrome (pollen-associated food allergy syndrome)
Allergic asthma/wheeze
Atopic eczema/dermatitis
Immediate gastrointestinal hypersensitivity such as vomiting and diarrhoea
Cell-mediated (delayed onset/chronic) Food protein induced gastroenteropathy
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome
Food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis
Atopic eczema/dermatitis
Allergic contact dermatitis
Heiner syndrome
Combined IgE and cell-mediated (delayed onset/chronic) Atopic eczema/dermatitis
Eosinophilic esophagitis
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis

Food allergy is complex and may manifest as other pathologies. As well as food allergy per se, studies of the following pathologies are eligible for inclusion, as long as there is suspicion of food allergy and the intervention focuses on addressing dietary or food-related issues. Coeliac disease is an important non-IgE mediated condition but as it has distinct symptoms and prognosis different from atopic conditions it will be excluded from this review.

de Silva et al.

de Silva et al. Clinical and Translational Allergy 2013 3:12   doi:10.1186/2045-7022-3-12

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